CONSTITUTION is the fundamental law of a country which provides a framework of the system of governance in the said country. CONSTITUTIONALISM is a political philosophy often termed as anti-thesis of arbitrariness. It believes in the limited government. Constitution is one of the sources of constitutionalism and cannot be treated as its synonym. That's why, presence of constitution does not guarantee constitutionalism per se. World has seen the dilemma of CONSTITUTION WITHOUT CONSTITUTIONALISM multiple times. Germany during Nazi era , Africa in the reign of Apartheid (1948-1994), present day North Korea are glaring examples of CONSTITUTION WITHOUT CONSTITUTIONALISM.